Although knee pain is often associated with age related osteoarthritis, it can arise in people of all ages as a result of trauma or overuse injuries. Often, patients require physiotherapy following knee surgery.
We have set out below 3 starter exercises for dealing with knee pain.
The knee joint is a hinge joint, formed by the meeting of the thigh bone (femur) and the tibia (shin bone). Located close to the knee joint, but not actually forming part of it, is the fibula, which is the bone running along the outside of the lower leg. There are four major ligaments that provide stability to the knee (the anterior cruciate ligament, the posterior cruciate ligament, the medial collateral ligament and the lateral collateral ligament). Each of these ligaments is susceptible to injury, and commonly these are twisting injuries sustained during sport.
The knee also has two cushioning pads on either side, known as the meniscus. These are also susceptible to injury. Again, this is a common location for sporting injury, but the meniscus can also sustain degenerative damage such as tears, often in the course of the ageing process.
The muscles that straighten the knee are known as the quadriceps, made up of four muscles. The muscles that bend the knee are known as the hamstrings, made up of three muscles. At the front of the knee is the patella, commonly known as the kneecap. This is a floating disc of bone connected to the quadriceps tendon. The patella moves up and down in a groove when the knee bends and straightens.
Knee pain is often experienced along the joint line, which can be felt as a rough band around the knee. The location of the pain around the knee is often a good indicator of the cause of the problem. For example, pain at the front of the knee often relates to the patella, whilst pain around the joint line generally relates to structures inside the knee such as the meniscus or cartilage.
Knee pain patients often describe knee pain as either a sharp or achy pain. In cases of osteoarthritis, stiffness is common, particularly in the mornings. After trauma which has caused damage to the ligaments or meniscus, the knee can become swollen. This is often accompanied by the feeling that the knee is about to “give way”, and clicking or clunking within the knee.
The knee can become painful following trauma, overuse, or age related changes causing osteoarthritis. In regard to osteoarthritis, there is a link between severity and weight.
Some examples of common knee conditions are:
Your Home Physio will undertake an assessment of your symptoms, mobility, strength and history in order to draw up a tailored treatment plan for your knee pain. Your physiotherapist will do a functional assessment based upon what aggravates your symptom, such as walking, using the stairs or squatting.
Treatment of your knee pain will depend on the findings of your Home Physio’s assessment, as detailed above.
Treatment options include:
If you are looking for a local home physiotherapist to assist you with your knee pain, please don’t hesitate to get in contact with us for a consultation. Contact us on the form below, phone 0208 659 7252 or email - firstname.lastname@example.org